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How Subjects Are Selected And Combined For Careers In Nigerian Secondary Schools.

Senior secondary schools in Nigeria is a level where students get to select and combine subjects that will fill them up from the basics with the knowledge on what career they're hoping to practice or go into. Students will have to choose 8, 9 or more subjects that will comprise of core subjects, trade subjects, and elective subjects to study on. The core subjects happens to be compulsory subjects that all senior secondary school students must do. It is usually four in number of subjects, and one of it happens to be a trade subject.

The elective subjects are subjects that have implications or is connected to the career choices any student would chose one out of the list to do. The students will have to chose  4 or 5 elective subjects and add it to the four(4) compulsory core subjects to make it a total of 8 or 9 subjects that they'll be placed on examinations on - examinations such as WAEC OR NECO so as to determine, from the students results after the exams, if the students should go ahead to pursue their desired career in the university.



As you know of electives subjects to be subjects that are career related, what you would also want to know and be sure of are the subjects in the particular area of career you would like to go into. You should ask yourself questions like: The subjects involved in that area of career or specialization, am I capable of understanding and solving problems concerning them? Do they match with my personality and capabilities?

To chose subjects in relation to the career you'll have to consider the area which it is under; there are four areas: Science and Mathematics, Business Studies, Humanities, and Technology.


If you want to do any of these CAREERS: Medicine-Doctor, Chemistry-Lab Scientists, or Engineering-Electrical Engineer, The AREA they are under is Science and Mathematics. Under the area of Science and Mathematics are the elective subjects that will be required for the mentioned careers above. Some of the elective subjects are: Biology, Chemistry, Futher Mathematics, and Physics. You'll require the first four compulsory subjects which is known as the core subjects which are English, Mathematics, Civic Education and Auto Electrical Work, or any other trade subject of your choice, and the elective subjects which are Biology, Chemistry, Further Mathematics, and physics to complete the 8 or 9 subjects required for Training on desired career.

Other areas also have different subjects combination depending on the careers available.

Some Senior secondary schools in Nigeria which are in three(3) levels: the senior secondary one, two, and three do add, combine provide subjects from all areas of career to the compulsory four core subjects for students in senior secondary one(1) - SSS1. Example: Chemistry and Biology in the Area of SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS, Financial Accounting and Commerce in the Area of BUSINESS STUDIES, Government and Christian Religious Knowledge in the Area of HUMANITIES, and Food and Nutrition and Computer Studies in the Area of TECHNOLOGY are added to the four compulsory subjects listed above, making the subjects 12 or above in some cases. This might seem stressful, but it's a practice that will help students know the subjects they would prefer over other subjects when they will have to chose on their desired elective subjects when promoted to SSS2 as it's compulsory for everyone at SSS1.